1. Why is it important to screen for complications of T1D?
Screening for risk factors and complications starts at the diagnosis of diabetes. Even though complications rarely occur in children and in teenagers, screening is important because detecting complications at an early stage allows for actions to help slow their progression.
Learn how often a person with diabetes needs to be screened for diabetes complications and what you can expect from each test and screening.
2. Screening every 3 months.
A diabetes care team needs to regularly check:
- Weight & Height in order to measuring if the one affected with diabetes is a healthy weight and can achieve optimal growth
- HbA1c test: HbA1c is the average blood glucose level for the last 3 months. It’s important to make sure it is under 7.5% (58 mmol/L)
Many health facilities are not able to provide regular HbA1c tests for all people with Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetics should try to get an HbA1c test at least once a year.
3. Yearly screening.
The diabetics care team will provide with an appointment to check the most common complications and will advise more frequent testing and interventions if they discover any problems.
- Blood pressure in order to check any hypertension which can affect the blood vessel and heart
- Eye screening: the visual acuity will be checked and if there is any development of retinopathy, cataract or glaucoma
- Foot screening: feet will be checked in details with questions and physical examination
- Kidney function: from an urine and blood sample, the albumin and creatinine levels will be analysed to measure how well kidneys are working
- Blood lipid: from a blood test the cholesterol level will be analysed to make sure the levels are normal
HelloType1 content is based on published, internationally recognised guidelines and then reviewed by local experts to ensure it fits local context. The translation is based on simplified English language to ensure it conveys the safest and clearest possible message in regional languages. Basic insulin and blood glucose testing access is still an issue in the South-East Asia region and our chief aim is to address this. HelloType1 content is not intended to replace the advice of individual healthcare professionals but as a collaborative tool to help them improve the outcomes of disadvantaged people with Type 1 Diabetes in the region.